Base Training : Intermediate

About the Intermediate Program

This Base Training Program for Intermediate runners was designed to bridge the three-month gap between Hal's Winter Training Program and the start of the 18-week training programs leading to a fall marathon. Its goal is to show runners how to develop a base to help them move up to the next fitness level. Although the program works best in spring, you can use it any time of year you want to focus on fitness and conditioning. We also offer a 30-week Personal Best program that combines this program with the Intermediate marathon program.

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At a glance


Author: Hal Higdon

Length: 12 Weeks

Typical Week: 6 Run, 2 Strength, 1 Day Off

Longest Workout: 8 miles

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Hal on his Intermediate Program

WOULD YOU LIKE TO FINE-TUNE YOUR TRAINING? Would you like to get in really great shape? Improve your speed? Better past performances? Learn how to compete? Maybe you’d like to run a half or full marathon with the aim of improving your P.R.

Less stress, more success

The following schedule is for Intermediate runners: individuals who want to improve their performances. What defines an Intermediate runner? You should be running five to six times a week, averaging 15-25 miles a week. You probably also should have run at least a half dozen or more races at distances between the 5K and the Half-Marathon. With that as background, you now need a somewhat more sophisticated schedule so as to improve. If that doesn't sound like you, you might be more comfortable using one of my programs designed for Novice or Advanced runners.

The program lasts 12 weeks. If you have less time, you can begin the program in Week 1 anyway, even though you may not complete the full 12 weeks. A somewhat more risky alternative is to skip the first several weeks and end your Spring Training at Week 12.

Easy Runs: The runs of 3-6 miles on Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays are designed to be done at a comfortable pace. If you can't carry on a conversation with your training partner, you're running too fast. For those who use heart monitors to measure their level of exertion, you would be running between 65 to 75 percent of maximum. In other words, run easy. If you want to run with others, be cautious that they don't push you to run faster than planned. On a few occasions (indicated in the interactive schedules), I may suggest you do a Wednesday workout harder than usual.

Rest: Rest is an important part of your training, a very important part. Friday is always a day of rest in the Intermediate program. Be realistic about your fatigue level and don't feel guilty if you decide to take an additional day off. (Best bet for an extra rest day is Monday, and I've also programmed in additional days of rest before races.)

Hill Training: Hill training is scheduled for the first six weeks of this program on Wednesdays. The speed benefits of hill training are similar to those for interval training on the track (below), but in the early spring it may be easier doing this workout on the road than doing repeat 200s or 400s at the track. Select a hill about a quarter-mile long, but don't worry about pitch or the exact distance. Run up hard, as hard as you might doing a 200 or 400 repeat. Then turn and jog back down, repeating the uphill sprints until finished. Be sure to warm up by jogging a mile or two before and cool down with the same distance after.

Interval Training: Beginning with the seventh week of the program, move from your hill course to the track and begin doing interval training: 200s one week, 400s the next. Warm up before and cool down afterwards–and don't forget to stretch. Run the 200s at about the pace you would run in an 800-meter race; run the 400s at about the pace you would run in a 1,500-meter or mile race. Walk or jog 200 to 400 meters between each repeat. If you don't have access to a track, you can do these workouts on a golf course fairway or straight-away.

Tempo Runs: A tempo run is a continuous run with a buildup in the middle to near race pace. (Notice I said "near" race pace. You don't want to go faster than your 5K or 10K race pace.) In this program, tempo runs are scheduled for Saturdays, alternating with fartlek runs. A tempo run of 30 to 40 minutes would begin with 10-15 minutes easy running, then you gradually accelerate over a period of 10-20 minutes, building to peak speed, then decelerate gradually to finish with 5-10 minutes easy running. The pace buildup should be gradual, not sudden, with peak speed coming about two-thirds into the workout and only for a few minutes. You can do tempo runs almost anywhere: on the road, on trails or even on a track. In this program, tempo runs alternate with fartlek on Saturdays.

Fartlek: Fartlek was developed in Sweden; the word means "speedplay." Fartlek is similar to tempo training in that it features a continuous run that starts and ends slow with fast running in the middle. The difference is that fartlek includes multiple changes of pace over varied (mostly short) distances. Run as you feel. Be creative. Pick out a tree and run hard to it. Ease back into a jog until rested, then pick out another landmark for your next sprint. Hard, easy, hard, easy. You define the tempo by how you feel. It's an enjoyable form of training that can either be your toughest or easiest workout of the week. There's an entire chapter on fartlek in my book, Run Fast.

Warm-Up: Warming up is vital, not only before races, but before speed workouts. My usual warm-up is to jog a mile or two, sit down and stretch for 5-10 minutes, then run some easy strides (100 meters at near race pace). And I usually cool down afterwards by doing half of the warm-up.

Stretch & Strengthen: Stretching is an important part of the warm-up on days when you plan to run fast (Wednesdays and Saturdays). Strength training is important too, but is best done on days when you don't plan to run so fast (Mondays and Thursdays). Push-ups, pull-ups, use of free weights or working out with various machines at a health club can help build the kind of strength that will improve your speed. Runners generally benefit if they combine light weights with a high number of repetitions, rather than pumping very heavy iron.

Cross-Training: Not everybody can tolerate running six days a week. Run more than three or four days, and they get injured. If this is you, consider substituting cross-training for some of your easier running. Although I have not included cross-training as a regular part of this schedule, good days to cross-train would be Mondays or Thursdays when you otherwise might do a 3-mile run. Bike, swim, walk–whatever works best for you. Warning: Don't train too hard on cross-training days. Train only as hard as you would during a running workout. Be aware that I offer several programs that feature 3 days running with 2 days cross-training: Marathon 3 and HM3 (half marathon).

Long Runs: As an Intermediate runner, you probably already do a long run on the weekends. In my marathon training program, depending on level, runners start with long runs of 6-10 miles and finish a dozen weeks later with one or more long runs of 20 miles. No similar progression is planned for this schedule. Just get out on the weekends and run between 6 to 8 miles, depending on what the schedule dictates. And run at an easy pace. If you run too far and too fast, it will compromise the other parts of the program. You can't do effective speedwork if you are fatigued from too much mileage. Mileages are kept relatively low in this program for this purpose.

Races: In most of my training programs, I do not prescribe races. But a certain amount of racing is good, because it forces you to run at peak speed and provides feedback related to your fitness level. Racing works best away from the marathon mileage buildup, however, which is one reason I have scheduled three races in the second half of this program. I chose 5K, 8K and 10K as the distances, spacing them three weeks apart, but feel free to adjust your racing schedule depending on the dates and distances in your local area. An extra day of rest before the race may help you perform better; don't be afraid to rest the day after as well.

Training to race is not easy. It's hard work. It takes discipline. But it’s also a lot of fun.

Week Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
3 mi + strength 3 mi run 3 x hill 3 mi + strength Rest 30 min tempo 6 mi run
2 3 mi + strength 3 mi run 3 x hill 3 mi + strength Rest 30 min fartlek 7 mi run
3 3 mi + strength 4 mi run 4 x hill 3 mi + strength Rest 35 min tempo 6 mi run
4 3 mi + strength 4 mi run 4 x hill 3 mi + strength Rest 35 min fartlek 7 mi run
5 3 mi + strength 5 mi run 5 x hill 3 mi + strength Rest 35 min tempo 8 mi run
6 3 mi + strength 5 mi run 5 x hill 3 mi + strength Rest Rest 5K Race
7 3 mi + strength 4 mi run 8 x 200 3 mi + strength Rest 40 min fartlek 7 mi run
8 3 mi + strength 5 mi run 6 x 400 3 mi + strength Rest 40 min tempo 8 mi run
9 3 mi + strength 6 mi run 10 x 200 3 mi + strength Rest Rest 8K Race
10 3 mi + strength 4 mi run 7 x 400 3 mi + strength Rest 45 min fartlek 7 mi run
11 3 mi + strength 5 mi run 12 x 200 3 mi + strength Rest 45 min tempo 8 mi run
12 3 mi + strength 6 mi run 8 x 400 3 mi run Rest Rest 10K Race
Week Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 4.8 km + strength 4.8 km run 3 x hill 4.8 km + strength Rest 30 min tempo 9.7 km run
2 4.8 km + strength 4.8 km run 3 x hill 4.8 km + strength Rest 30 min fartlek 11.3 km run
3 4.8 km + strength 6.4 km run 4 x hill 4.8 km + strength Rest 35 min tempo 9.7 km run
4 4.8 km + strength 6.4 km run 4 x hill 4.8 km + strength Rest 35 min fartlek 11.3 km run
5 4.8 km + strength 8.1 km run 5 x hill 4.8 km + strength Rest 35 min tempo 12.9 km run
6 4.8 km + strength 8.1 km run 5 x hill 4.8 km + strength Rest Rest 5K Race
7 4.8 km + strength 6.4 km run 8 x 200 4.8 km + strength Rest 40 min fartlek 11.3 km run
8 4.8 km + strength 8.1 km run 6 x 400 4.8 km + strength Rest 40 min tempo 12.9 km run
9 4.8 km + strength 9.7 km run 10 x 200 4.8 km + strength Rest Rest 8K Race
10 4.8 km + strength 6.4 km run 7 x 400 4.8 km + strength Rest 45 min fartlek 11.3 km run
11 4.8 km + strength 8.1 km run 12 x 200 4.8 km + strength Rest 45 min tempo 12.9 km run
12 4.8 km + strength 9.7 km run 8 x 400 4.8 km run Rest Rest 10K Race

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Reviews

Great Program; Highly Recommend

October 23, 2018

I am a Masters Track athlete (400M/800M) and wanted a structured base training program to prepare for my spring track workouts/races. Program has been great and fun to follow. Mileage is appropriate and challenging but not overwhelming for a guy that isn’t a mileage junkie. Coach has also been responsive via email on the questions I have had. I will probably try the advanced program next year, and see if I can handle the additional speed.

Matt Ingram

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